HTTPS (HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure) is a version of the HTTP protocol that is used to transmit data securely on the web. It is the foundation of secure communication on the internet and is used to protect the privacy and integrity of data transmitted between web clients and servers.

HTTPS works by establishing an encrypted connection between the client and server using a protocol called TLS (Transport Layer Security). This encrypted connection ensures that the data transmitted between the client and server cannot be intercepted or tampered with by third parties.

One of the main benefits of HTTPS is that it provides a secure connection for sensitive information, such as passwords, credit card numbers, and personal data. It is particularly important for e-commerce websites, online banking, and other applications that require secure communication.

In addition to its security benefits, HTTPS is also important for SEO. Google and other search engines have stated that they give a ranking boost to websites that use HTTPS, as it is an indicator of a secure and trustworthy website.

To use HTTPS, a website must have an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate, which is issued by a trusted certificate authority (CA). The SSL certificate is used to authenticate the website and to establish the encrypted connection with the client.

Overall, HTTPS is an essential part of the modern web and is critical for secure communication and the protection of sensitive information on the internet.

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