XML, or Extensible Markup Language, is a markup language that is used to encode, transmit, and store data. It is designed to be both human-readable and machine-readable, and is widely used for a variety of purposes, including data interchange, data storage, and data manipulation.
One of the main advantages of XML is its flexibility. It allows users to define their own tags and structure their data in a way that makes sense for their specific needs. It also supports internationalization, meaning that it can be used to encode data in any language.
Another advantage of XML is its interoperability. It can be used to exchange data between different systems and platforms, and is often used as a standard for data interchange in industries such as finance, healthcare, and government.
XML is often used in conjunction with other technologies, such as XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) and XSLT (XSL Transformations), which are used to transform and display XML data. It is also used in conjunction with other markup languages, such as HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics).
In conclusion, XML is a markup language that is used to encode, transmit, and store data. It is flexible, interoperable, and widely used for a variety of purposes. It is often used in conjunction with other technologies and markup languages.